Legislative Update – October 2023

New SB 1383 Grant Funding Approved!

HF&H can help.

HF&H is excited to announce that CalRecycle has recently approved the criteria for the SB 1383 Local Assistance Grant program. This non-competitive grant program offers eligible entities a base grant award of $75,000, with remaining funding distributed on a per capita basis. CalRecycle anticipates that grant applications will be released in September, with a November due date. This is a fantastic opportunity for eligible entities to receive funding and support for their SB 1383 programs. 

Eligible entities should act now to verify your agency meets these project requirements.

The previous round of SB 1383 grant funding was crucial for helping agencies commence their SB 1383 compliance planning and organics collection services. And now, with an expanded project eligibility opportunity, the second round of funding is here to help you staff, build, and implement SB 1383 programming and enforcement systems. This funding comes at a critical point for public agencies, especially with additional SB 1383 requirements effective in 2024. Act now and secure your agency’s funding for a successful SB 1383 implementation! Please refer to CalRecycle’s SB 1383 homepage for more information.

Jurisdictions looking to secure funding and implement SB 1383 can count on HF&H for comprehensive support at every stage with ease and expertise. Our team is experienced in supporting public agencies each step of the way, including:

With our recently expanded staff capacity, HF&H is ready to support even more local agencies with their SB 1383 needs. With our expert support, you can minimize impacts on your staff and focus on other urgent tasks, while ensuring a smooth SB 1383 implementation. 

Don’t wait for the expanded requirements taking effect in 2024 to catch you off guard. Contact HF&H today for reliable and comprehensive support for your SB 1383 implementation needs.

Pause on SB 1383 implementation recommended by Little Hoover Commission

During a public meeting on May 23, 2023, The Little Hoover Commission (LHC) voted 7-1 to accept a draft report recommending a temporary pause of SB 1383 implementation pending technical changes following recently released information from CalRecycle. During the session, the LHC received mixed public comments and discussed the merits and shortcomings of the then-draft report. The commissioners weighed the importance of achieving SB 1383 goals against the failure of the State to meet its 2020 diversion goals, the unique implementation challenges for rural counties, the need for infrastructure development, and the financial costs of implementation.  

The full report was published on June 8, 2023, and now goes before the state legislature and administration. For more information, visit The Little Hoover Commission’s website to read the full report.

The report from LHC contains twelve recommendations including, but not limited to:

The LHC is an independent non-partisan state oversight agency comprised of current legislators, past legislators, and industry professionals from wide backgrounds. LHC recommends changes to state programs with the goal of improving efficiency and effectiveness.

Come See HF&H at SWANA’s Western Regional Symposium

SWANA Western Regional Symposium

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Navigating Contract Management in an SB 1383 World

April 4, 2023

Karla Del Rosario, HF&H Senior Associate, will discuss ways in which jurisdictions can navigate their franchise agreement management related to SB 1383 requirements. This presentation will examine strategies and best management practices that will enable municipalities to successfully navigate their existing or new solid waste contract for ongoing programming and SB 1383 compliance. This includes exploring various approaches agencies could and have utilized in partnership with haulers, contracted assistance, and/or inter-departmental relationships to help re-frame or reevaluate a jurisdiction’s approach to managing a solid waste agreement. How should jurisdictions identify and track SB 1383 programs and compliance within their existing framework? What are the best management practices on reporting and recordkeeping and how do jurisdictions leverage existing or new partnerships? What are the most successful approaches to managing SB 1383 public education requirements while increasing outreach effectiveness? In this session, Karla will answer these questions and more. 

SB 1383 Jurisdiction Compost Procurement and Use Strategies

April 5, 2023

HF&H’s  April Hamud and Samantha Irwin will discuss recovered organic waste product procurement and use strategies. SB 1383 requires jurisdictions to procure 0.08 tons of recovered organic waste products (ROWP) per resident per year. AB 1985 creates a two-year phase in for jurisdictions to meet their ROWP procurement targets, requiring 30% of the annual target in 2023, 65% in 2024, and 100% starting in 2025. ROWP targets can be met through applying compost and mulch to public spaces, using renewable gas for transportation, producing electricity for biomass conversion, and more. How can jurisdictions decide which procurement method(s) will fit their needs? How much will it cost to meet procurement requirements? In this session, we will explore methods to develop a ROWP procurement plan, and ROWP statistics and case studies from jurisdictions throughout the State.


Legislative Update – March 2023

CalRecycle Kicks-Off Discussion Related to SB 54 Rulemaking Process

On January 31, 2023 CalRecycle held their first informational session for the Packaging and Plastic Food Ware Extended Producer Responsibility Act (SB 54). At this session, CalRecycle staff provided an overview of the statute, the SB 54 rulemaking process, and CalRecycle’s Material Characterization Studies. Staff highlighted the importance of community engagement throughout the rulemaking process and their plans to host monthly meetings for all stakeholders and interested parties to stay informed.

HF&H is committed to closely following the rulemaking process for SB 54 and engaging, as necessary, to ensure our clients’ interests are considered. We encourage you to also stay up to date with the latest news, meeting dates, and comment periods by subscribing to the CalRecycle SB 54 listserv. Their next informational session will be held on Tuesday, February 28, 2023 at 10:00 am. Interested parties can attend in-person or via Zoom/webcast.

CalRecycle recently announced the nomination process for the SB 54 Advisory Board. The director of CalRecycle will appoint members of the 16-person advisory board by July 1, 2023. The Board’s main responsibilities will include:

Each member will be required to attend all meetings, contribute to work products, and serve a three-year term. Members are also required to provide their own travel costs, as required. If you are interested in serving or have been nominated by a statewide association to serve on the Advisory Board, please submit your online application no later than March 24, 2023. For more information about the Advisory Board, please visit CalRecycle’s Advisory Board webpage.

Whitepaper: Reserve Fund Analysis in Periods of Drought

Legislative Update – October 2022

Latest “Zolly v. City of Oakland” Case Updates

Franchise Fee Lawsuit (Zolly v. City of Oakland) Argued in CA Supreme Court

An important case regarding solid waste franchise fees, Zolly v. the City of Oakland, was argued in the California Supreme Court on Tuesday May 24, 2022. We sat down with Rob Hilton, HF&H President, to learn more about the case and how it may impact local jurisdictions.

What is the “Zolly v. City of Oakland” case and why should we be paying attention to the ruling?

Rob Hilton: Zolly v. City of Oakland [“Zolly”] presents a challenge to the City’s ability to collect franchise fees from its franchised solid waste collection services provider(s). Oakland prevailed in the superior court, but lost on appeal, largely based on the ruling of the California Supreme Court [“Court”] in Jacks v. City of Santa Barbara. The Zolly case was taken up by the California Supreme Court given the potential for broad precedent and potential conflict with an appellate decision in the Bay Area Toll Authority case. The outcome of this case should provide local governments throughout the state with guidance on whether their solid waste franchise fees are taxes and how to assess the value of franchise fees.

What were the takeaways from the May 24 hearing? Did it give us any indication of what is coming next?

Rob Hilton: The California Supreme Court heard oral arguments and had an exchange with the litigants on May 24, but their decision could take up to 90 days. The Court is notoriously hard to read, and justices even have a practice of asking contrary questions to their own opinions to challenge the litigants. That said, it seems that both litigants and the Court believe that franchise fees are subject to exemption 4 under Proposition 26 [Cal. Const. XIIIC §1(e)(4)] related to the sale or rental of governmental assets. The franchise itself is an asset of the local government, which has value and can be conveyed. The parties seem to differ on whether there is any limitation on that value or any obligation of the local government to determine the value of the franchise prior to establishing the amount of any such fee. In addition, Zolly’s attorney claims that the amount of the fee in Oakland’s particular case may not have been established in a bona fide, competitive, market-based process because of alleged political influence.

How will this decision impact local jurisdictions?

Rob Hilton: It is possible that the decision of the Court may be relatively narrowly applied to the unique facts of Oakland’s situation or may have much broader implications for all local governments related to Proposition 26. The fact that the Court took up the case, in part, to deal with appellate court differences on Zolly and Bay Area Toll Authority, indicates that they may rule more broadly. We hope that the Court will rule with Oakland and categorically defend the rights of local governments to establish franchise fees consistent with exemption 4 in Proposition 26. If so, most local governments can rest assured that their franchise fee revenues are safe. Alternatively, the Court may rule with Zolly and find that any amount of a franchise fee that exceeds the value of the franchise represents a tax subject to a public vote. If that is the case, we hope that the Court will provide guidance on how to establish value.

Is there anything jurisdictions should be thinking about or preparing for?

Rob Hilton: At this time, it is best to await the decision from the Court before making any changes to franchise agreements or fees. Once the opinion is rendered, local governments with solid waste franchise fees should consult with legal counsel about the particulars of their situation to determine how best to proceed with modifications to their franchise fees. HF&H has followed this developing case closely and will be prepared to support local governments in calculating and negotiating the changes required.

What are the next steps in the case and when should we be expecting a decision?

Rob Hilton: The California Supreme Court has 90 days from the date of the oral arguments to render a decision. So, by August 22, 2022 we should have a published decision.

Note: HF&H updates are for informational purposes only, and are not intended as legal advice. Seek legal counsel for further information.

HF&H is here to help!

For more than three decades, HF&H has helped hundreds of local agencies navigate solid waste legislation, rate setting, and franchise negotiations. We help our clients stay ahead of the planning curve by tracking solid waste legislation and providing policy insights based on experience and relationships. 

Please do not hesitate to contact our Northern California office at (925) 977-6950, or Southern California office at (949) 251-8628 to find out how we can help your jurisdiction.

To subscribe to our Legislative Updates, send an email to Kim Erwin at kerwin@hfh-consultants.com with the subject “Subscribe”.

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AB 1276 Deadline Approaching

HF&H Answers AB 1276 Frequently-Asked Questions

What is AB 1276?

Passed in the 2021 legislative session, AB 1276 (Carrillo, 2021) prohibits food facilities and third-party food delivery platforms from providing any single-use foodware accessory or standard condiment to a customer unless requested, among other requirements. This expands on current state law regarding straws (AB 1884), and follows in the footsteps of local movements for “skip the stuff” ordinances.

What counts as a single-use foodware accessory or standard condiment?

A “single-use foodware accessory” includes single-use items such as:  forks, knives, spoons, sporks, chopsticks, condiment cups and packets, straws, stirrers, splash sticks, and cocktail sticks (PRC §42270(e)).  A “standard condiment” includes items such as: ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise, soy sauce, hot sauce, salsa, salt, pepper, sugar, and sugar substitutes (PRC §42270(f)).

The law prohibits those items from being bundled or packaged in a way that prohibits the consumer from taking only the item desired and encourages use of bulk and refillable dispensers (PRC §42271(b)).

What is required for local jurisdictions?

The bill requires jurisdictions to authorize an enforcement agency to enforce the bill on or before June 1, 2022 (PRC §42272(a)).

What if my jurisdiction already has, or is interested in adopting, a single-use foodware ordinance that is more restrictive than AB 1276?

Nothing in AB 1276 prevents a jurisdiction or other local public agency from adopting an ordinance that is more restrictive than AB 1276 (PRC §42271(h)). Jurisdictions with more restrictive single-use foodware accessory ordinances in place are encouraged to evaluate the requirements of their local ordinance as compared to the requirements of AB 1276, to ensure minimum AB 1276 requirements are met. Please consult the jurisdiction’s legal counsel regarding policy updates that may be necessary.

How should my jurisdiction designate an enforcement agency? Is an ordinance required?

The bill does not prescribe how a jurisdiction should designate an enforcement agency. Therefore, this decision is dependent on jurisdiction-specific procedures for authorization, and is subject to legal counsel interpretation. Examples of potential options to be considered include, but are not limited to: an ordinance or municipal code update, City Council or Board of Supervisors resolution, or, if permitted, an administrative policy.  An enforcement agency must be designated by June 1, 2022. Jurisdictions should be aware of this deadline when planning upcoming City Council and Board of Supervisor agendas. Please consult your legal counsel regarding recommended actions.

Who should my jurisdiction designate as the enforcement agency?

The bill does not specify what entity(ies) should be designated as the enforcement agency. This decision is dependent on jurisdiction-specific procedures and is subject to legal counsel interpretation. Examples of potential options include: the jurisdiction’s code enforcement officials, public works department, environmental health department, or other party given authorization to enforce Public Resource Code requirements. Please consult your legal counsel regarding recommended options.

Are there specific penalties for the enforcement process?

The bill states that the first and second violations of the bill result in a notice of violation, and any subsequent violations result in a fine of twenty-five dollars ($25) for each day in violation, but not to exceed three hundred dollars ($300) annually (PRC §42272(b)).

How does the State plan to monitor and enforce AB 1276 requirements upon jurisdictions?

The bill does not assign a specific state agency to verify that jurisdictions are enforcing the law. Advocacy groups have submitted a request for clarification to the State Office of Legislative Counsel on this issue, among others.


This information is based on HF&H’s current understanding and interpretation of AB 1276 and should not be considered legal advice. Jurisdictions should consult their legal counsel before making decisions regarding the implementation and enforcement of AB 1276.

HF&H is here to help!

Need further guidance on local ordinances or state legislation? For more than three decades, HF&H has helped hundreds of local agencies navigate the myriad of solid waste diversion and water/wastewater legislation and regulations at the state and local levels. We help our clients stay ahead of the planning curve by providing policy insights based on experience and relationships.  

To subscribe to our Legislative Updates, send an email to Kim Erwin at kerwin@hfh-consultants.com with the subject “Subscribe”.

Please do not hesitate to contact our Northern California office at (925) 977-6950, or Southern California office at (949) 251-8628 to find out how we can help your jurisdiction achieve compliance with current and upcoming State regulations.